To Lynn: the making of Snow White and Pinocchio? How much time have you got? As you may know, but others may not, I've been working for years on a book about the making of Snow White and am just now putting the finishing touches on it (although it won't be published until December 2012, the 75th anniversary of the film). And the followup project, on which I've already started working, is on the making of Pinocchio. So as far as I'm concerned, the full answer to your question is enough to fill two complete books! As far as the struggles Walt and Roy went through on Snow White, the biggest problem throughout production was money -- how to come up with enough money to keep going. At the time the Mickey Mouse and Silly Symphony series were already established and popular, and the Disneys' distribution contracts specified that their distributor would put up an advance for each short, so that was where the operating budget came from on each individual Mickey or Symphony. But Snow White was an entirely separate project, and production took about four years altogether, so they had to come up with separate financing for that. The money was loaned by the Bank of America, but the Disneys had underestimated the amount they would need, so they had to keep going back for more. That had to be pretty frightening, especially since they were doing something that had never been done before. I think it says a lot for Walt that, in the face of that pressure, he remained a perfectionist and kept holding out for top quality in every aspect of the film, even though it was costing more and more as a result. And it also says a lot for Roy, as the business head of the studio, that he went along with it! There's a famous story that Walt liked to tell in later years, about being forced to show an unfinished work print of Snow White to the banker Joe Rosenberg in 1937 so that they could get one final extension on their bank loan. Walt never liked for outsiders to see a film before it was finished, and he sat with Rosenberg in the screening room, sweating bullets, while finished Technicolor scenes alternated with rough pencil animation. At the end, Rosenberg made the suspense worse by strolling out of the screening room with Walt, casually making conversation about everything but the film! But of course he did give his approval, the studio got the money, and the film was completed. And, of course, it was a hit -- not just a success, but a massive, record-breaking, worldwide success. So, even apart from artistic considerations, the financial gamble was more than justified.
As for Pinocchio, my research still isn't finished, but the essence of the story is that Walt took that tremendous success of Snow White and used it as a foundation on which to build an even more elaborate, lavishly produced picture. As a result, Pinocchio became the most sumptuously detailed and luxurious animated feature in history. What amazes me is that it was produced in two years -- about half the time devoted to Snow White. And it's clearly not a rush job; I think the answer is that a small army of artists and technicians worked on it. The studio staff had increased exponentially during the making of Snow White, and they all turned around and went right into Pinocchio, many of them concentrating on highly specialized aspects of production. (As one example out of hundreds, there was an effects animator who specialized in water, and he stayed busy for the full two years -- there's a lot of water in Pinocchio.) And all of these people were doing their thing simultaneously. The camera-effects department was also ramping up, so in addition to topnotch character animation and effects animation, there were also effects produced by ingenious optical and mechanical means. Even the multiplane camera crane, used to such great effect in Snow White, wasn't flexible enough to handle some of the elaborate moves that were built into Pinocchio, so the crew had to come up with a new way of shooting those. Ultimately, I think the story of Pinocchio is the story of history's greatest animation studio unleashed, their recent success giving them license to explore unlimited frontiers of animation technique. (And then, after all that, Pinocchio was released and didn't duplicate the boxoffice success of Snow White! But that's another story.)
So ... I don't know whether this answers your question, so if there are specific questions, please ask. This certainly doesn't cover the full story of those two films, but I'm working on that too. Stay tuned!